Master Craps – Tips and Techniques: The History of Craps

Be brilliant, play cunning, and master craps the right way!

Dice and dice games goes all the way back to the Middle Eastern Crusades, but modern craps is just about a century old. Current craps evolved from the old English game referred to as Hazard. Nobody absolutely knows the origin of the game, although Hazard is believed to have been created by the Englishman, Sir William of Tyre, in the twelfth century. It’s supposed that Sir William’s horsemen gambled on Hazard amid a blockade on the fortification Hazarth in 1125 AD. The title Hazard was derived from the castle’s name.

Early French colonizers brought the game Hazard to Acadia. In the 1700s, when expelled by the English, the French headed down south and settled in southern Louisiana where they at a later time became known as Cajuns. When they fled Acadia, they brought their favorite game, Hazard, along. The Cajuns modernized the game and made it mathematically fair. It’s said that the Cajuns changed the name to craps, which is acquired from the term for the losing throw of 2 in the game of Hazard, referred to as "crabs."

From Louisiana, the game moved to the Mississippi riverboats and all over the country. Most think the dice builder John H. Winn as the creator of current craps. In 1907, Winn designed the modern craps layout. He appended the Do not Pass line so gamblers can bet on the dice to lose. Later, he designed the boxes for Place wagers and put in place the Big 6, Big 8, and Hardways.

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